What Symbolism Do Various Flower Colours Have?

What Symbolism Do Various Flower Colours Have?

Do you ever ponder the hidden meaning behind the colours in a bouquet?

The flower world has a unique language, and every shade evokes a different feeling. Whether you're trying to express your love, sorrow, appreciation, or friendship with a bouquet, it helps to know what each colour means.

The fascinating world of flower colours and their messages are the subject of this blog post.

Every flower shade conveys a different narrative, message, or expression of profound feeling, from the blazing passion of red roses to the serene tranquillity of white lilies.

Flower symbolism is a complex and culturally rich topic; come with us as we investigate it.

From experienced florists to those just wanting to show someone they care, this guide will teach you all you need to know to select the ideal bouquet.

Background Of Flower Colour Symbolism

Flowers reflect every emotion one feels: love, joy, desire, jealousy, loneliness, loyalty, depression, and grief.

The Victorians gave some flowers their simple symbolic and mythical connotations, although many Elizabethans were aware of these associations.

Charles II brought the Victorian style of flower language to the Swedish court in 1714, and it quickly spread across Europe.

A bouquet, corsage, or garland was a deliberately selected expression of wish, emotion, or feeling that the wearer could not dare to say during this period of rigid etiquette and compliance.

Another essential aspect was the presentation; for instance, a bouquet with a ribbon tied to the left represented the giver, while a bouquet with a ribbon tied to the right represented the receiver.

An upside-down bouquet represented the opposite of what the flowers typically stand for. Receiving an inverted rose was the pinnacle of rejection.

Because of its widespread use, the Western adage, speaking via flowers evolved to denote any poetic or flowery word that concealed a secret message of love.

Floral Color Wheel

A colour's subtlety, brightness, or seriousness depends on the context in which it is used.

It is essential to consult the colour wheel regardless of your chosen combination! With this, your floral arrangements will take on a more lovely appearance.

In colour theory, the phrases primary, secondary, and tertiary are the most fundamental. 

  • Primary colours represent the primary hues on the colour wheel, which are yellow, blue, and red. This sole colour family does not consist of a mixture of hues.  
  • Secondary colours comprise mixtures of any two main hues. Red and yellow combine to form orange. A blend of yellow and blue is called green. When you combine blue and red, you get purple. 
  • Tertiary colours combine any two colours, either primary or secondary, harmoniously. This is exemplified, for instance, by the colours red, violet, yellow, indigo, and teal.

Colour Styles You Must Understand To Make Harmonious Combinations

Using the colour wheel correctly and creatively is essential. Picking up greenery, flowers, and decorations can be a breeze with its aid.

You may effortlessly make beautiful, balanced bouquets and decorations with this. Depending on the event and theme, you can mix and match colours and styles infinitely! 

Here are four simple colour harmonies to help you get your creative hues flowing.

Have the colour wheel for a handy reference point while working with these combinations.


These colour pairings are located on opposite sides of the colour wheel. Pairs of green and red, yellow and violet, or blue and orange are a few examples.

Their striking differences provide for an interesting colour scheme. This is the way to go when making dramatic or energetic flower arrangements!


Three colours side by side on the wheel make up these schemes. In doing so, it produces the two most prevalent colour categories: warm (including red, yellow, and orange) and cool (including purple, green, and blue).

Florists use these colour schemes to complement many different types of events! They mix nicely to create a fluid appearance, which is great for calming moods or exciting patterns.


Living on a shoestring? These bouquets won't break the bank but will steal the show.

Elegantly understated, they are sure to be a hit at any party. What we call "greenery" brings a touch of nature to every arrangement.


In this colour scheme, the three hues are evenly spaced on the colour wheel. In floral arrangements, this appears in groups of the primaries and secondaries. Florists typically go for more subdued or pastel tones within the triad.

Additionally, they strive for a harmonious appearance by combining rich and gentle tones.

Do you want to know anything about creating floral arrangements or containers for particular occasions? Learn the ins and outs of flower arrangement making with our two-part course!

What Symbolism Do Various Flower Colours Have?

Red Flowers: Love And Passion

Red flowers symbolise many things, including love, desire, passion, romance, respect, beauty, bravery, adoration, and power.

Red roses are most commonly given on Valentine's Day. Roses, carnations, anemones, poppies, amaryllis, protea, and even daring tropical hibiscus and anthurium are some of the most beautiful red blossoms that can be requested for romantic events like anniversaries and proposals.

Rose: The rose, a classic romantic emblem, expresses feelings of passion, love, and gratitude.

Lily: Lilies are a sign of passion when red, yet they can be any colour.

Amaryllis: The crimson amaryllis, named after a Greek girl, symbolises strength, beauty, and self-confidence.

Peach Flowers: Gratitude And Sweetness

A beautiful peach blossom is a sign of kindness, admiration, gratitude, honesty, sincerity, and sweetness.

Peach blossoms are a wonderful way to express gratitude for someone's kindness or welcome houseguests warmly.

Flowers with a peach hue, such as gerbera daisies, ranunculus, tulips, roses, carnations, alstroemeria, gladiolus, lisianthus, and so on, are a beautiful way to express your deepest feelings to those you care about.

Pink Flowers: Grace And Femininity

Equally powerful is the meaning of the colour pink. It is both a symbol of tenderness and allure.

Females highly regard the colour. It is combined with white to create a poetic, delicate floral arrangement.

Then, a young woman can be encouraged to confess her true sentiments using a pink floral arrangement.

Give it to a relationship that could be brand fresh if you want to revitalise it. As a bridal bouquet, pink flowers are very highly prized.

All this symbolism is why we love to make stunning bouquets in white and various shades of pink.

Orange Flowers: Passion And Success

Life is full of delight when you wear orange. Sending a floral arrangement in these colours is a great way to cheer someone up and tell them how much they mean to you.

If you want to help a parent or friend through a tough time, you can give them a bouquet with orange flowers as the main attraction.

You can't go wrong with orange for any event. It is crucial to consider the recipient's tastes when choosing a bouquet for a birthday celebration, rack, or thank you.

This way, the receiver will be delighted and remember it fondly for the rest of his life.

Dahlia: The dahlia symbolises grace, self-respect, and resilience.

Marigold: This flower is often associated with the sun's warmth as a symbol of joy.

Ranunculus: This beautiful flower can let the receiver know how much you appreciate its attractiveness and charm.

Yellow Flowers: Joy And Positivity

The yellow blossoms represent strength, hope, and positivity. A room is brightened and made more beautiful by this vibrant hue.

She is a source of vitality, inspiration, and optimism. On those rainy days, this bouquet is just what you need to brighten your mood.

Is it getting close to winter already? Sending you a beautiful bouquet of yellow flowers is a great way to liven up your home.

The colour yellow evokes a sunny disposition and an abundance of good vibes. Sending a bouquet of sunny yellow flowers is a great way to celebrate a fresh beginning.

Sunflower: The sunflower's bright yellow hue is a metaphor for Friendliness, wit, joy, and energy.

Garden Rose: A yellow garden rose, a classic sign of friendship, is an elegant way to brighten any space.

Daffodil: For many, this flower represents a fresh start, a chance at rebirth, and good fortune. It is also linked to the arrival of spring.

White Flowers: Sympathy And Purity

The colour white is associated with innocence and reverence. The traditional meaning of the bride's white wedding dress is associated with her innocence and virginity.

Therefore, a bouquet of white flowers is a budget-friendly option for an engagement or wedding.

A white bouquet represents honesty, self-assurance, and devotion. You might present it to your sweetheart as a token of your everlasting devotion. Because of their innocence and grace, the fleur-de-lis and the tulip are popular choices.

Confidence and honesty are embodied by the colour white in friendship. The purity and honesty of your affection for your mother are further demonstrated with a white floral arrangement.

For many years, Mother's Day has been synonymous with white eyelets.

In times of loss, the white flower is also traditionally picked. The innocence of the soul that enters paradise is encapsulated in it. When people are grieving, the fleur-de-lis is the first flower selected for bouquets.

Green Flowers: Luck And Harmony

Optimism, springtime, rebirth, youth, resilience, harmony, prosperity, health, and good fortune are some of the meanings associated with green flowers.

Green flowers, such as gerbera daisies, hydrangeas, orchids, button pompon chrysanthemums, zinnias, hellebores, and more, are perfect for wishing someone a quick recovery and celebrating new beginnings. 

If you send or receive a "Get Well Soon" bouquet soon, you might be surprised to see some lovely green flowers among them.

Chrysanthemum: The ruffled chrysanthemum represents Friendliness, dedication, and faithfulness.

Hydrangea: The hydrangea is a flower that represents sincere appreciation and sentiment.

Succulent: Succulents are the ideal flowers to bring to romantic celebrations because of the eternal love they symbolise.

Blue Flowers: Calm And Tranquilly

Peace, relaxation, calm, support, serenity, closeness, honesty, and dedication are all conveyed by blue flowers.

Someone going through a tough or stressful time would be blessed with soft blue flowers, such as hydrangeas, delphiniums, hyacinths, orchids, bellflowers, cornflowers, and forget-me-nots.

Many feel that gazing upon this azure beauty can alleviate tension, anxiety, and other bad feelings.

Iris: In Greek mythology, the iris is associated with the rainbow goddess. Irises are available in a rainbow of colours, but blue represents optimism and faith.

Blue Delphinium: The most prevalent colour of delphiniums is blue, symbolising joy, encouragement, and dignity.

Morning Glory: The blue morning glory absorbs heat and represents devotion, love, and spiritual yearning.

Indigo Flowers: Intelligence And Wisdom

Indigo flowers, which combine the most beautiful shades of blue and purple, symbolise harmony, honesty, trust, structure, mystery, intuition, and balance.

Some people may choose to present indigo flowers, such as blue thistle, larkspur, anemones, iris, cornflower, and aster, to those they hold in high esteem as role models, including parents, instructors, grandparents, and supervisors.

Purple Flowers: Admiration And Royalty

The qualities associated with purple flowers are respect, dignity, majesty, affluence, tradition, pride, elegance, originality, success, and passage through life. For this reason, purple flowers are an exquisite choice for a high school, college, or graduate school graduation bouquet. 

Flowers such as larkspur, hyacinths, dianthus, calla lilies, asters, orchids, gladiolus, carnations, lisianthus, and hydrangeas can display striking purple tones.

Lilac: A deeper violet lilac represents spirituality, while a lighter purple one represents first love.

Orchid: When you see a purple orchid, you should know you're dealing with a royal flower that commands awe and reverence.

Tulip: The 11th wedding anniversary is often celebrated with the traditional purple tulip, representing royalty.

Lavender Flowers: Classic And Elegance

Lavender flowers are ideal for celebrating women and children since they represent purity, innocence, youth, grace, and femininity.

Centrepieces and floral arches filled with lavender blooms may be a lovely touch to baby showers and children's birthday parties.

Other flowers that work well with lavender include tulips, wisteria, lilacs, waxflower, and lavender.


It's hard to say what a flower means because it can represent so many different feelings, from love and joy to jealousy and loneliness to sadness and grief.

In 1714, the Victorian style of flower language was brought to the Swedish court. Bouquets, corsages, and garlands were all planned ways to show mood, wish, or feeling.

To speak through flowers is a Western saying that came to mean any beautiful or poetic word that held a secret love message.

The flower colour wheel is important for putting colours together that look good together.

The primary colours are yellow, blue, and red.

The secondary colours are made up of mixes of any two main colours, and the tertiary colours are made up of any two colours that go well together.

Use the colour wheel properly and creatively to make bouquets and decorations that look nice and are well-balanced.

You can arrange colours in four easy ways: analogous, complementary, monochromatic, and triadic.

On the colour wheel, complementary colours are on opposite sides, analogous colours are three colours next to each other, monochromatic colours are very simple and elegant, and triadic colours are equally spaced.

Love, desire, respect, beauty, bravery, adoration, and power are all things that red flowers stand for.

Roses, lilies, amaryllis, and peach flowers are all signs of love, passion, thanksgiving, and love.

Gerbera daisies, ranunculus, tulips, roses, carnations, alstroemeria, gladiolus, and lisianthus are all peach flowers that look beautiful and are a sweet way to say thank you.

The delicate and poetic shapes of pink flowers make them perfect for wedding bouquets.

They are thought to represent grace and femininity. Passion and success are represented by orange flowers, and bright orange flowers like dahlias, marigolds, and ranunculus show happiness and charm.

Bright yellow flowers mean friendship, wit, and energy, while strong yellow flowers mean hope, happiness, and strength. White flowers are linked to purity and respect, and a bride's white wedding dress is thought to represent her youth and virginity.

Their ruffled chrysanthemum stands for friendliness, loyalty, and devotion, while the green flowers represent luck and peace.

Hydrangeas stand for genuine love and respect, while succulents represent love that lasts forever.

Their blue Delphinium flower stands for joy, encouragement, and respect, while other blue flowers mean peace, rest, calm, support, serenity, closeness, honesty, and dedication.

The shades of blue and purple that make up indigo flowers are thought to represent knowledge and wisdom. The most beautiful shades of blue and purple are found in these flowers.

Respect, majesty, wealth, custom, pride, elegance, originality, success, and getting through life are all things that purple flowers are linked to. Orchids make people feel awe and respect, while lilac flowers are spiritual.

Classic and beautiful, lavender flowers stand for innocence, purity, youth, grace, and womanhood.

You can use them to make flower towers and table centrepieces for baby showers and kids' birthday parties.

Overall, pink, orange, green, blue, indigo, purple, lavender, and other flowers make beautiful and important arrangements that can be used to mark many events and feelings.

Wedding corsages and boutonnieres should look nice, last a long time, and be appropriate for the event. Roses make great corsages because they look beautiful and last a long time.

Because they look foreign and classy, orchids are often used for corsages. For boutonnieres, small flowers like carnations or spray roses work best because they are both delicate and strong.

Adding accents like leaves, berries, or tiny plants can make these flower accessories more interesting and give them more texture.

When choosing boutonnieres and corsages, think about the theme of the wedding, the style of the dress or suit, and the person's height.

For instance, corsages and boutonnieres that go with a dressier gown or suit might need to be bigger. Most of the time, mums, groomsmen, ring bearers, and ushers wear corsages, while men wear boutonnieres.

Picking the right colour scheme for corsages and boutonnieres is important because it should go with the venue and other decorations.

Keeping the colour of the bride bouquet and the dress in the same tone can keep the colours from clashing.

For wedding dresses, white rose corsages go best because they match the style of the whole event. Colour theory and unity can also be used in groom boutonnieres.

It's important to match the style of the corsage and boutonniere flowers so that they look good with the bride's bouquet of fresh flowers.

Make sure that everything about the design is the same, from the type of flower used to the number of flowers used.

It's important to match the style of your wedding with the right accessories for your corsages.

You can make your corsages stand out and look better by adding ribbons, bows, and pearls or diamonds for decoration.

Flowers are a big part of how a wedding looks, and corsages and boutonnieres are necessary to decorate the groom's suit and connect him to the bride.

Rose petals, chrysanthemum petals, wax flowers, orchids, ranunculus, carnations, lisianthus, and calla lilies are some of the most beautiful flowers you can use for your wedding boutonniere and corsage.

You can count on chrysanthemums, which come in many colours and shapes.

Spray roses are popular because they look beautiful and can be used in many ways.

Wax flowers look like real flowers and can give corsages and boutonnieres more texture.

There are many bright colours of orchids that look beautiful at weddings that are fancy and foreign.

Ranunculus flowers have a fascinating appearance and feel like crepe paper. Because they are so small, they are perfect for corsages. Carnations are easy to find and last a long time.

Corsages usually have a mix of different shades and the same colour. Lisianthus flowers are also often used for weddings and other important events, and calla lilies look beautiful in boutonnieres and corsages.

Content Summary

  • Delve into the hidden meanings behind the colours in a bouquet.
  • The flower world possesses a unique language.
  • Each flower shade conveys a distinct narrative or feeling.
  • Bouquets help express love, sorrow, appreciation, or friendship.
  • Understanding flower colour symbolism is essential.
  • Flower symbolism is a culturally rich and complex topic.
  • Victorians assigned simple symbolic and mythical meanings to flowers.
  • Charles II brought Victorian flower language to the Swedish court.
  • Bouquets were deliberate expressions of wishes, emotions, or feelings.
  • Presentation was crucial, with ribbons indicating the giver or receiver.
  • An upside-down bouquet symbolised the opposite of its usual meaning.
  • Western adage: speaking via flowers denotes a poetic or flowery message.
  • The floral colour wheel is essential for harmonious combinations.
  • Primary colours: yellow, blue, and red, each standing alone.
  • Secondary colours: orange, green, and purple, formed by blending primaries.
  • Tertiary colours harmoniously combine two primary or secondary colours.
  • Consult the colour wheel for lovely floral arrangements.
  • Colour theory includes primary, secondary, and tertiary categories.
  • Four colour harmonies: complementary, analogous, monochromatic, and triadic.
  • Complementary pairs are opposite on the colour wheel, creating drama.
  • Analogous schemes use three adjacent colours, creating fluidity.
  • Monochromatic bouquets are elegantly understated and budget-friendly.
  • Triadic colour schemes involve evenly spaced hues, creating harmony.
  • Red flowers symbolise love, passion, desire, and respect.
  • Roses, carnations, anemones, and amaryllis are beautiful red blossoms.
  • Peach flowers signify gratitude, admiration, and sweetness.
  • Gerbera daisies, ranunculus, and tulips express deep feelings.
  • Pink flowers symbolise grace, tenderness, and allure.
  • Ideal for fresh relationships or bridal bouquets in white and pink.
  • Orange flowers represent passion, success, and joy.
  • Dahlias, marigolds, and ranunculus embody grace and joy.
  • Yellow flowers symbolise joy, positivity, and hope.
  • Sunflowers, garden roses, and daffodils radiate friendliness and energy.
  • White flowers represent sympathy, purity, and devotion.
  • Fleur-de-lis and tulips are popular choices for innocence and grace.
  • Green flowers signify luck, harmony, and prosperity.
  • Chrysanthemums, hydrangeas, and succulents symbolise friendliness and resilience.
  • Blue flowers convey calm, tranquillity, and dedication.
  • Hydrangeas, delphiniums, and morning glories bring peace and support.
  • Indigo flowers symbolise intelligence, wisdom, and balance.
  • Blue thistle, larkspur, and aster are ideal for role models.
  • Purple flowers signify admiration, royalty, and success.
  • Larkspur, hyacinths, and orchids display regal purple tones.
  • Lilac represents spirituality, while a purple tulip denotes royalty.
  • Lavender flowers represent purity, innocence, and elegance.
  • Ideal for celebrating women and children at events like baby showers.
  • Floral arches filled with lavender blooms add grace to celebrations.
  • Tulips, wisteria, lilacs, waxflower, and lavender complement each other.
  • Flower colours brighten moods and express emotions.
  • Master the art of creating balanced bouquets with the guide's insights.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Does A Red Flower Symbolise?

Red flowers typically symbolize love, passion, and desire. They are often associated with romantic gestures and can convey strong emotions of affection and devotion.

What Do Yellow Flowers Represent In The Language Of Flowers?

Yellow flowers are a symbol of joy, happiness, and friendship. They can brighten someone's day and are popular for expressing positivity and appreciation.

Are There Any Flowers That Symbolize Purity And Innocence?

Yes, white flowers are commonly associated with purity and innocence. White roses and lilies, in particular, are often used to convey these sentiments and are popular choices for weddings and other formal occasions.

What Is The Significance Of Purple Flowers In Floral Symbolism?

Purple flowers symbolize admiration, creativity, and royalty. They are often chosen to express admiration for someone's achievements or add elegance to an arrangement.

Can The Same Flower Colour Have Different Meanings In Different Cultures?

Yes, the meaning of flower colours can vary across cultures. While some colour symbolism is universal (e.g., red for love), it's essential to consider cultural differences when giving flowers. For example, in some cultures, white flowers represent mourning, while in others, they symbolize purity.

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